327135206 Laporan Pkl Di Pt Isam

March 14, 2019 | Author: PuteriMaulani | Category: N/A
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LAPORAN PRAKTIK KERJA LAPANGAN

KAJIAN PROSES TERMAL PADA PENGOLAHAN PRODUK ALAM MURNI FRUITY  DI  DI PT INDUSTRI SUSU ALAM MURNI (ISAM) BANDUNG

OLEH AJENG YURIANDANI 240210120040

UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN FAKULT FAKULTAS AS TEKNOLOGI TEKNOLOG I INDUSTRI IN DUSTRI PERTANIAN PERTANIAN DEPARTEMEN TEKNOLOGI INDUSTRI PANGAN JATINANGOR  2015 LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

JUDUL

:

KAJIAN

PROSES

PENGOLAHAN

TERMAL

PRODUK

ALAM

PADA MURNI

 FRUITY  DI   DI PT INDUSTRI SUSU ALAM MURNI

 NAMA  NPM JURUSAN

: : :

(ISAM) BANDUNG AJENG YURIANDANI YURIANDANI 240210120040 TEKNOLOGI INDUSTRI PANGAN

DISETUJUI dan DISAHKAN

Unt! d"a#!an $%&a'a" a*+an ,ata !"a- P+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an (PKL) ada J+$an T%!n**'" T%!n**'" Ind$t+" Pan'an

K**+d"nat*+ Mata K"aP+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an

P%,&",&"n' A!ad%,"$

  H% H %+"na Ma+ta. STP/. M/S"/  NIP/  NIP/ 132025 132025 200604 200604 200 2

%t+"na. STP/. M/S" NIP/ 132032 200312 200312 2 001 KATA KATA PENGANTAR  PENG ANTAR 

P#" dan $!+ %n"$ an#at!an !%ada Aa- S7T. !a+%na ata$ !a$"$aan' dan "8"n9Na %n"$ daat ,%n%%$a"!an P+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an (PKL) $%!a"'$ ,%n%%$a"!an a*+an "n"/ Adan #d da+" La*+an P+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an (PKL) "n" adaa-   Kaja! P"#$%$ T%"&a' Paa P%!#'a*a! P"#+,  A'a& M+"! Fruity  Fruity  PT I!+$-" S+$+ A'a& M+"! (ISAM) Ba!+!.

La* La*+an +an "n" "n" ,%+ ,%+a a!a !an n $aa$aa- $at $at $a+ $a+at at !+" !+"! ! , , ada ada J+ J+$an $an T%!n** T%!n**'" '" Ind$t+" Ind$t+" Pan'an Pan'an a!ta$ a!ta$ T%!n* T%!n**'" *'" Ind$t+" Ind$t+" P%+tan"an P%+tan"an Un"%+$"ta$ Un"%+$"ta$ Pad#ad#a+an. Jat"nan'*+/ Pada !%$%,atan "n" %n"$ #'a "n'"n ,%n';a!an t%+",a !a$"- !%ada: 1/

B %t+" %t+" na. na. STP STP/. M/S M/S". $%a $%a! ! D*$% D*$%n n 7a" 7a" dan dan P%, P%,&", &",&"n' &"n' daa daa, , P+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an (PKL). ata$ &",&"n'an dan d!n'an an' d"&%+"!an !%ada %n"$ daa, %n%%$a"an %n%%$a"a n a*+an PKL "n"/

2/

B H%+ H%+" "na na Ma+ Ma+ta. ta. STP STP//. M/S"/ M/S"/.. $%a $%a! ! K** K**+d +d"n "nat at*+ *+ PKL PKL J+ J+$an $an T%!n* !n**' *'"" Ind$t+" Pan'an/

/

Pa! an E+d"an$a- $%a!  Plant   Manager  PT ISAM ISAM an' an' t%a t%a,%n'"#"n!an $aa nt! ,%a!$ana!an P+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an (PKL) d" PT ISAM/

4/

B L%$ L%$ta ta+" +".. STP STP/. $%a! $%a!  M%nt M%nt*+ *+ P%, P%,&" &",& ,&"n "n' ' Laa Laan' n'an an.. ata$ ata$ !%$% !%$%d" d"aa aan n dan dan !%$a !%$a&a &a+an +ann naa ,%,&" ,%,&",& ,&"n "n' ' $aa $aa daa, daa, %a %a!$ !$an anaa aan n P+a! P+a!t" t"! ! K%+# K%+#aa Laan'an (PKL) d" PT ISAM/

at n*n at*'%n (@-$n"at". 12)/ Saa-

$at

$a-a

nt!

,%n%!an

#,a-

,"!+**+'an"$,%

dan

,%,%+an#an' ,a$a $",an $$ daat d"a!!an d%n'an +*$%$ %n'*a-an/ P%n'*a-an an' d"a!!an daat ,%n'-a$"!an &%+&a'a" ,a;a, +*d! $$  &a"! ,a!anan ata ,"n,an. $aa- $at #%n"$na a"t ,"n,an $$ a$a,/ M"n,an $$ a$a, adaa- +*d! $$ an' d"%+*%- da+" $$ $%'a+ ata $$  a$t%+"$a$" ata $$ +%!*n$t"t$" ata $$ +%!*,&"na$" an' d"a$a,!an. d%n'an ata tana %na,&a-an ,"!+*&a. "ta,"n dan &a-an a"nna (BPOM RI. 200)/

Saa- $at %+$a-aan an' &%+'%+a! d" "nd$t+" %n'*a-an $$ a"t PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) an' t%+%ta! d" K*ta Bandn'/ Saa- $at  +*d! an' d"+*d!$" d" %+$a-aan "n" a"t ,"n,an $$ a$a,/ Saa- $at ,"n,an $$ a$a, an' d"+*d!$" ,%,""!" na,a +*d! Aa, M+n"  Fruity LAB ( Line Acidified Bottle) 50 , d%n'an #%n"$ flaor  stra!"erry/ P+*$%$ +*d!$" ,"n,an $$ a$a, ,%"&at!an &%+&a'a" ,a;a, n"t  +*$%$. $aa- $atna adaa- n"t +*$%$ t%+,a/ P+*$%$ t%+,a daa, $at  %n'*a-an an'an &%+t#an nt! ,%,%+an#an' ,a$a $",an +*d! an'an d%n'an ,%,&n- ,"!+*&a %,&$! dan ,"!+*&a at*'%n/ P+*$%$ t%+,a an' t"da! t%at daat ,%+$a! !*,*n%n '"8" dan ,%n+n!an ,t $%n$*+" +*d!. $%-"n''a +*$%$ t%+,a $an'at %nt"n' t%+-ada !a"ta$ a!-"+ +*d!/ O%- !a+%na "t. %n"$ t%+ta+"! nt! ,%,%a#a+" +*$%$ t%+,a ada %n'*a-an +*d!  Aa, M+n" Fruity d" PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) Bandn'/

I.2

T+j+a!

Adan t#an da+" %a!$anaan P+a!t"! K%+#a Laan'an "n" anta+a a"n: •

M%,&and"n'!an t%*+" ,%n'%na" t%!n**'" %n'*a-an an'an an' d"daat ,%a" %+!"a-an d%n'an +a!t"! an' $%&%na+na d" "nd$t+"



 %n'*a-an an'an/ M%,%a#a+" +*$%$ t%+,a ada %n'*a-an +*d! Aa, M+n" Fruity d" PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) Bandn'/

1./

a,-+ a! T%&a- P"a,-, K%"ja Laa!a!

K%'"atan +a!t"! !%+#a aan'an "n" d"a!!an $%a,a 2< -a+" !%+#a. d",a" ada tan''a 0 Jn" 201< -"n''a 11 A'$t$ 201%+,%nta$" d%n'an ,%+%! da'an' @[email protected] daa, !%,a$an &*t* 100 , d%n'an



+a$a $t+*&%+". ,%*n. an''+ dan #%+!/ PT Sa+" H$ada. T&!. daa, ,%,+*d!$" $$ nt! "& -a," dan ,%n$" d%n'an ,%+%! da'an' [email protected] d%n'an !%,a$an UHT t%t+a



 &+"! !*ta! daa, +a$a ;*!%at dan t"- ,an"$/ PT San'-"an' P%+!a$a (Ka&% a+,a G+*). daa, ,%,+*d!$" $$ "& -a," dan ,%n$" d%n'an ,%+%! da'an' PRENAGEN d%n'an



!%,a$an UHT t%t+a &+"! !*ta! daa, +a$a ;*!%at dan t"- ,an"$/ PT Dan*n% D"a+ Ind*n%$"a. daa, ,%,+*d!$" $$ M"!at !%,a$an LAB (line acidified "ottle) dan pouch& Saat "n" PT ISAM ,%+a!an %+$a-aan ,a!*n d",ana %+$a-aan "n"

,%,&ant %+$a-aan an' &%!%+#a $a,a d%n'anna nt! ,%n'-a$"!an +*d!  t%+t%nt d%n'an !+"t%+"a an' t%a- d"t%ta!an da+" %+$a-aan %,a!*n/ Saat "n" PT ISAM &%!%+#a $a,a d%n'an PT Ind*!at S!$%$ Ma!,+ nt! ,%,+*d!$"

da +*d! d%n'an ,%+%! M"!at. a"t +*d! M"!at d%n'an !%,a$an &*t* dan !%,a$an pouch/

II.2

L#,a$ a! Ta-a L%-a, Pa", 

L*!a$" PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) t%+%ta! d" Jaan R,aSa!"t N*/ 114 U#n'&%+n' K*ta Bandn'. P+*"n$" Ja=a Ba+at/ A!$%$"&""ta$ PT ISAM ;! &a"! !a+%na t%+%ta! d" !a=a$an $%nt+a "nd$t+" d" ="aa- Bandn' T",+/ L*!a$" PT ISAM ;! $t+at%'"$ !a+%na &%+#a+a! !+an' %&"- 300 , da+" Jaan S*%!a+n*9Hatta. $%-"n''a ,%,da-!an daa, -a t+an$+*+ta$"/ L*!a$" PT ISAM +%at"> d%!at #'a d%n'an da%+a- %n'-a$" $$ $%'a+ an' *t%n$"a an'  &%+%+an $%&a'a" %,a$*! &a-an &a!/ La$ a+%a PT ISAM adaa- 1246 , 2 da+" a$ t%+$%&t d"d"+"!an &an'nan d%n'an a$ &an'nan 361 , 2/ Ban'nan a&+"! "n" t%+d"+" da+" da anta". d",ana anta" %+ta,a d"'na!an nt! +an' %n%+",aan. +an' +*$%$ +*d!$". +an' a&*+at*+", ('uality (ontrol ). +an' +*d!$". +an' %n",anan dan 'dan'. +an' ,%!an"!. +an' %n'*a-an ",&a- dan *$ #a'a t%+"$a- da+"  &an'nan ta,a. $%dan'!an anta" !%da d"'na!an nt! +an' #eeting . +an'  planning  dan ,$-*a/ D" &a'"an $a,"n' &an'nan ta,a a&+"!. t%+daat !ant*+ GKSI (Ga&n'an K*%+a$" S$ Ind*n%$"a) dan #'a ,a$#"d/ Ban'nan  a&+"! PT ISAM daat d""-at ada Ga,&a+ 1/

Ga&a" 1. PT I!+$-" S+$+ A'a& M+"! (ISAM) S,&%+: PT ISAM (201n'$" an' d"%+!an nt! ,%n#aan!an dan ,%n'%,&an'!an %+$a-aan/ Ha "n" $an'at  &%+'na daa, t%+;"tana t#an &%+$a,a nt! ,%n"n'!at!an !"n%+#a dan  +%$ta$" %+$a-aan/ St+!t+ *+'an"$a$" PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) daat d""-at ada La,"+an / an' ,%+a!an 'a,&a+an $!%,at"$ t%ntan' -&n'an !%+#a $a,a anta+a *+an'9*+an' an' t%+daat d" %+$a-aan "n"/ P%+$a-aan "n" d"","n *%- $%*+an' D"+%!tt Uta,a an' ,%,&a=a-"  Managing Director   dan Marketing and (o##ersial Director /  Managing Director  ,%,&a=a-" Plant Manager   an' !%,d"an ,%,&a=a-" 'uality Assurance and  +yste#, 'uality (ontrol, -ngineering, Pro.ect / Utility Manager, +upply (hain  Manger, (ell Pouch dan (ell LAB/  Marketing and (o##ersial Director  ,%,&a=a-" Finance Manager . 0u#an Resources Doelop#ent   (HRD) Manager . dan  Purchasing / S%t"a d%a+t%,%n ,%,""!" d%$!+"$" t'a$ ,a$"n'9,a$"n'/ D"+%!t+ Uta,a

&%+t'a$

,%,","n $%+-

&a'"an %+$a-aan.

,%,","n +aat ,, daa, -a nt! ,%,a$t"!an %a!$anaan tata9t%+t"&. !%ad"an

dan !%$%,atan &a'" $%,a nt! &%+!*nt+"&$" $%;a+a t%at.

,%n%$a"!an a*!a$" =a!t %+ "t%, ,a$aa-. ,%n%nt!an +tan a'%nda. ,%n#%a$!an dan ,%n",!an t"nda!an dan !%&"#a!an. $%+ta ,%n'a,&" !%t$an $%&a'a",ana d"d%%'a$"!an *%- BOD ( Board of Director ) ata ada $"ta$" t%+t%nt an' d"an''a %+/

 Managing Director  &%+t'a$ $%&a'a" %nan''n' #a=a& da+" %+$a-aan. ,%n;a+" dan ,%nandatan'an" $%'aa &%nt! %+#an#"an an' &%+-&n'an d%n'an  %+$a-aan. $%+ta ,%n'a=a$" !%aa &a'"an daa, ,%n'%+#a!an %!%+#aan $%-a+"9 -a+"/  Managing Director -a+$ &%+!**+d"na$" d%n'an $%,a d%a+t%,%n an' ,a$"n'9,a$"n' d"","n *%- $%*+an' ,ana'%+/  Marketing and (o##ersial Director  &%+t'a$ ,%n'%,&an'!an dan ,%n%+a!an

$t+at%'"

,%n'%,&an'!an

dan

!*,%+$"a

nt!

,%n'%*a

$%,a

%+$a-aan. %+#an#"an

,%+nd"n'!an. !*,%+$"a

nt! 

,%n'*t",a!an !%%nt"n'an !*,%+$"a %+$a-aan. ,%,&%+"!an d!n'an !*,%+$"a ada $%,a *%+a$"  %,&an'nan/  Marketing and (o##ersial   Director  ,%,&a=a-" HRD +uperisor, Accounting +uperisor dan  Finance +uperisor&  Plant Manager   ,%,&a=a-" (ell Pouch / (ell LAB Manager . FA dan [email protected]  Manager .  -ngineering Manager . Utility   Pro.ect Manager   dan

+upply

(hain Manager& (ell Pouch / (ell LAB Manager   &%+t'a$ ,%n'**+d"na$"!an. $%+ta ,%n'a=a$" dan &%+tan''n' #a=a& ata$ !%an;a+an +*$%$ +*d!$" $%-"n''a daat d"%+*%- -a$" +*d!$" an' ,%,%n-" %+$a+atan/ FA dan [email protected]  Manager   &%+t'a$ nt! ,%n#a'a. ,%,%+&a"!" dan %n"n'!atan ,t +*d! ,a" da+"  %n%+",aan &a-an &a!. +*$%$ +*d!$". -"n''a +*d! $a,a" !%tan'an !*n$,%n. &a'"an "n" ,%,&a=a-" &"dan'  La"oratory   [email protected] Line Departe#ent   0ead . (ell -1ecutie La"oratory. [email protected] Inspector . [email protected] La" ( Micro. (he#ical . dan +ensory). 'uality +yste# -1ecutie.  Food +afety   0ygienist -1ecutie&  -ngineering

Manager  &%tan''n' #a=a&

%n-

t%+-ada !%$"aan dan

 %,%"-a+aan ,%$"n $%+ta %+%n'!aan dan !%an;a+an +*$%$ +*d!$". d%a+t%,%n "n" ,%,&a=a-" &"dan' !orkshop $%+ta operator&  Finance Manager, HRD  Manager, dan  Purchasing Manager   &%+t'a$ ,%,&at an''a+an dan ,%n;atat data9data !%an'an %+$a-aan &a"! %n%+",aan ,an %n'%a+an/ &%+tan''n' #a=a& ata$ %n'%*aan dan %n"n'!atan $,&%+ daa ,an$"a (!a+a=an) d" %+$a-aan. %+%!+tan !a+a=an &a+. dan  %,&%+"an %at"-an &a'" !a+a=an. $%+ta &%+t'a$ daa, ,an'at+ nt! ,a$aa %,&%"an an' ,%"t" *+d%+ %,&%"an. %n'a=a$an %n%+",aan &a-an &a!. $%+ta ,%n'%ta-" *$"$" &a+an' t%+-ada ,a$"n'9,a$"n' supplier /

2.4

S$-%& K%-%!aa,%"jaa!

Ka+a=an an' t%+daat d" PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) ,%n;aa" $%!"ta+ 0< !a+a=an an' d"&a'" !% daa, &%&%+aa d""$". a"t 'uality Assurance  (FA). Fuality (ontrol ([email protected]). +*d!$". dan $ta> ad,"n"$t+a$"/ Ka+a=an d" PT ISAM "n" t%+&a'" ata$ 2 &a'"an #a, !%+#a a"t  shift  dan non2shift / P+*$%d+ %n%+",aan !a+a=an d",a" d%n'an ;a*n !a+a=an ,%,&%+"!an @? dan a,a+an !%+#a an' !%,d"an a!an d"an''" nt! =a=an;a+a dan t%$ t%+t"$/ S%t%a- "t. a!an d"ada!an training   !%ada !a+a=an &a+. a &%!%+#a ,%n'"!t" =a!t an' d"t%nt!an/ Ha+" !%+#a n*+,a d" PT ISAM adaa- 6 -a+". daa, 1 ,"n'' !a+a=an ,%ndaat!an =a!t "&+ 1 -a+"/ S"$t%, an'at+an #a, !%+#a d"&%+a!!an  shift  nt! !a+a=an an' &%!%+#a an' &%+-&n'an d%n'an !%&%+an'$n'an +*$%$  +*d!$". $%dan'!an nt! !a+a=an &a'"an !ant*+ d"&%+a!!an $"$t%, non2shift / Ba'" !a+a=an !ant*+ d"&%+a!!an "!%t $%t"a 2 -a+" %+ ,"n'' a"t -a+"

Sa&t ata M"n''. d",ana an' ,%ndaat!an "!%t -a+$ ,a$! !%+#a d%n'an !%t%ntan d"ata$/ Ba'" !a+a=an d%n'an $"$t%, shift   =a!t "&+ d"&%+"!an $%-a+" daa, $%,"n'' d%n'an ;a+a &%+'""+an/ Ba'" !a+a=an an' &%!%+#a ,%%&"-"  #a, !%+#a ,a!a d"-"tn' $%&a'a" #a, %,&+. dan !a+a=an an' &%+$an'!tan a!an ,%ndaat!an ta,&a-an 'a#" an' a!an d" a!,a$"!an $aat %,&%+"an 'a#"/ Ta&% 1 ,%nn#!!an #ad=a !%+#a !a+a=an shift  an' t%+daat d" PT ISAM/ Ta%' 1. Ja3a' K%"ja Ka"a3a! S$-%& Shift  S*a,-+ ,%"ja S-">t 1 06/00 9 14/00 S-">t 2 14/00 9 22/00 S-">t  22/00 9 06/00

I$-"a*a10/00911/00 15/00913/00 2/00900/00

S,&%+: PT ISAM (201"t+a$" $%&%, d" $a+!an !% $%+- &a'"an PT ISAM ,%"t" +an' dan aat +*d!$" $%+ta office/ H an' d"'na!an a"t $%&%$a+ 6.3/ J"!a H t%+$%&t t"da!  t%+%n-". a"+ an' t%a- d">"t+a$" a!an d"a" t%+%&"- da- ada H "alance/ A"+ an' d"'na!an ada %n'*a-an PT ISAM -a+$ $%$a" d%n'an PERMENKES N*/42MENKESPERI?2010/

2.7.2

S+&%" Daa L$-", a! E!%" P%!+!ja! La!!a

L"$t+"! d"&t-!an *%- $%+- &a'"an PT ISAM/ A!an t%ta". &a'"an  +*d!$" t"da! -ana ,%,&t-!an "$t+"! $%&a'a" $,&%+ %n%+'"/ Ba'"an  +*d!$" ,%,&t-!an "$t+"!. ana$. a"+ d"n'"n dan da+a &%+t%!anan an' d"daat da+" &a'"an utility&  Ba'"an utility  ,%n9 supply !%&t-an %n%+'" t%+$%&t  ada &a'"an +*d!$"/ L"$t+"! an' d"'na!an d" PT ISAM d"%+*%- da+" PLN an' !%,d"an d"ta,n' d" 'a+d "$t+"! an' t%+daat d" utility $%&%, d"&a'"9  &a'" !% $%+- &a'"an d" PT ISAM/ Pana$ an' d"&t-!an d"%+*%- da+"  stea# "oiler  an' &%!%+#a d%n'an &a-an &a!a+ @NG ( (o#press $atural 3as)/ PT ISAM ,%,""!" ,%$"n "oiler $%&ana! t"'a &a-/ A"+ d"n'"n an' d"&t-!an. a"t ,"$ana ada +*$%$ cooling   $%t%a- a$t%+"$a$" +*d! LAB. d"%+*%- da+" chiller   an' &%!%+#a d%n'an %n%+'" "$t+"!/ PT ISAM -ana ,%,""!" $at $%t ,%$"n chiller / S"$t%, !%+#a ,%$"n chiller  d" PT ISAM "n" a"t d%n'an ;a+a ,%n'a"+!an a"+ an' d"n'"n ada $at ,%d"a an' ,%n'-a$"!an ana$.

$%-"n''a ,%a" a"+ "n" ana$ &"$a d" +%da, $%$a" d%n'an !%,a,an ,%$"n dan t%,%+at+ an' d"-a+a!an/ A"+ d"n'"n da+" ,%$"n chiller   "n" d" *,a ,%n#  &a'"an aat an' d"d"n'"n!an. $%t%a- ,%%=at" ,%d"a an' d"!%-%nda!". a"+  !%,&a" ,%n# !% &a! %nd"n'"nan nt! d" d"n'"n!an *%- %a*+at*+ dan d"n'"n!an !%,&a" nt! !%,d"an d"a"+!an a'"/ An'"n &%+t%!anan d"%+*%- da+" air co#pressor  an' &%!%+#a d%n'an %n%+'" "$t+"!/ Air co#pressor   an' d",""!" PT ISAM &%+#,a- 6 &a-/ S%+%n%+'" an' d"-a$"!an *%- &a'"an utility d"$a+!an !% &a'"an +*d!$" ,%a"  "a9"a/ P"a9"a t%+$%&t ,%,&%nt! #%,&atan "a an' &%+#,a- 2 &a-/ J%,&atan "a d" &a'"an d%an nt! ,%na+!an !% &a'"an +*d!$" an' t%+daat d" d%an. $%%+t" a+%a #i1ing . +*$%$ dan  filling LAB/ S%dan'!an  #%,&atan "a &a'"an &%a!an' nt! ,%na+!an !% &a'"an +*d!$" an' t%+daat d" &a'"an &%a!an' $%%+t" filling  *;-/

2.8

P%!a!a!a! L&a*

L",&a- an' d"-a$"!an da+" +*$%$ +*d!$" PT Ind$t+" S$ Aa, M+n" (ISAM) &%+a ",&a- adat. ",&a- ;a"+ dan ",&a- 'a$/ L",&a- t%+$%&t  &%+a$a da+" +an' %n%+",aan &a-an &a!. a&*+at*+", dan +an' +*d!$"/ L",&a- adat a"n' &ana! &%+a$a da+" $"$a &a-an !%,a$an. $%%+t" &*t* an'  %n*!. $a,a- a$t"!. a&%. !a+t*n  packing   dan !%+ta$/ P%nan'anan ",&a adat d"a!!an d%n'an ;a+a %n',an ada $at t%,at !-$$ dan $%t%at%+!, ",&a- t%+$%&t d"#a ada %n',. $%dan'!an nt! ",&a- adat *+'an"! a!an d"&a!a+ dan d"$",an daa, &a! $a,a- an' nant"na a!an d"&a=a

*%- %t'a$ da+" D"na$ K%&%+$"-an/ B%+"!t "n" ,%+a!an d"a'+a, a"+   %nan'anan ",&a- ;a"+ d" PT ISAM/ im*ah 'air

ak 'ontrol ak s'reen ak air 9otation ak oil atau fat ak e5ualisasi ak aerasi ak sedimentasi ak thi'kener ak treated water ak pem*uangan akhir

Air *ersih Ga&a" /. P%!a!a!a! L&a* 9a"  PT ISAM S,&%+: D*!,%nta$" +"&ad" (201,a+at. a$a, '!*n* d%ta a!t*n. a$a, -"d+*!*+at. a$a, a!tat. a$a, ,aat. a$a, >*$>at. a$a, $!$"nat. dan a$a, ta+ta+at (BPOM RI. 200)/ P%,&atan +*d!  $$ a$a, d" PT ISAM "n" ,%"&at!an &%+&a'a" &a-an. a"t &a-an &a! ta,a.  &a-an &a! ta,&a-an dan &a-an %n'%,a$/

/.1 Ba*a! Ba,+

Ba-an &a! ta,a an' d"'na!an ada %,&atan +*d! $$ a$a, Aa, M+n"  Fruity d" PT ISAM a"t $$ $%'a+ dan a"+/ S$ $%'a+ an' d"'na!an $%&a'a" &a-an &a! ta,a daa, +*$%$ +*d!$" d" PT ISAM &%+a$a da+" !*%+a$"9!*%+a$" $$ an' ,%+a!an an''*ta da+" GKSI/ P%n'"+",an $$  &"a$ana d"$%$a"!an d%n'an !%&t-an +*d!$"/ S$ $%'a+ d"!"+", d%n'an ,%n''na!an ,*&" t+! tan!" &%+%nd"n'"n an' ,%,""!" $- !+an' da+" 3@ an' &%+>n'$" nt! ,%n#a'a !%$%'a+an $$ dan daat ,%,%+ta-an!an ,a$a $",an $$ a'a+ $$ t"da! ,da- +$a!/ S%t"a %n%+",aan $$ $%'a+ da+" supplier  $%a d"a!!an %n'#"an *%d%a+t%,%n 'uality (ontrol ([email protected]) an' d"a!!an nt! ,%n'%ta-" !a"ta$ $$ an' -a+$ $%$a" d%n'an $tanda+ ,t da+" %+$a-aan an' ,%n'a; ada SNI 019141913 ,%n'%na" $a+at ,t $$ $%'a+/ P%n'#"an d"a!!an d%n'an  %n'a,&"an $a,% an' &%+a$a da+" tan!" ,*&". %n'#" #'a ,%a!!an

 %,%+"!$aan t%+-ada $%'% an' ada ada ,*&" t%+$%&t/ S%an#tna. $a,% an' d"a,&"

d"a!!an

%n'#"an

an'

,%"t".

%n'#"an $-.

#"

*+'an*%t"!. #" a!*-*. #" H. #" &%+at #%n"$. #" %,a$an. #" +%$"d ant"&"*t"!. #" %,a!. #" !%a$a,an. #" +%$a8+"n%. #" t*ta $*"d dan #" ,"!+*&"**'"/ S$ an' t%a- ,%%=at" +*$%$ %,%+"!$aan *%- d%a+t%,%n [email protected] dan t%a- ,%,%n-" %+$a+atan ,t an' d"t%nt!an a!an d"&%+" $tat$ release dan an'$n' d",a$!!an !% daa, silo tank  d%n'an !aa$"ta$ 2< t*n nt! d"a!!an  +*$%$ %n'*a-an $%an#tna. $- $$ d" daa,  silo tank   -a+$ t%+$ d"#a'a a'a+ t%ta daa, !*nd"$" d"n'"n. t%ta" #"!a -a$" %n'#"an t"da! ,%,%n-"  %+$a+atan ,t ,a!a $$ t%+$%&t a!an d"!%,&a"!an !%ada %n'"+",/ A"+ an' d"'na!an daa, +*$%$ +*d!$" acidified #ilk drink   d" PT ISAM &%+a$a da+" da $,&%+ an' &%+&%da a!n" a"+ %'nn'an an' &%+a$a da+" 'nn' Man'aan' dan a"+ $,+/ A"+ da+" %'nn'an Man'aan' d"'na!an nt! +*$%$ +*d!$". t%+ta,a $%&a'a" %a+t $%,a &a-an an'  &%+&%nt! &&!/ A"+ $,+ $%&%, d"'na!an daa, +*$%$ +*d!$". $%&%,na d"a!!an %n'*a-an d%n'an +*$%$ Reerse )s#osis (RO) $%-"n''a d"daat!an a"+ an' $%$a" d%n'an $tanda+ an' d"'na!an. a"+ $,+ "n" #'a d"'na!an nt! ,%n'-a$"!an a da+" "oiler  an' $%an#tna d"'na!an daa,  +*$%$ +*d!$" $%%+t" +*$%$ $t%+""$a$". a$t%+"$a$". dan a"n9a"n/ K%da $,&%+ a"+ "n" -a+$ ,%,%n-" $tanda+ a"+ ,"n, da+" PERMENKES N*/42MENKESPERI?2010/ A"+ an' &%+-&n'an d%n'an -a$"9-a$" "nd$t+" %n'*a-an an'an -a+$ ,%,%n-" $%t"da!9t"da!na $tanda+  ,t an' d"%+!an nt! ,"n, (B;!% et al&. 135)/ S%&%, d"'na!an daa, +*$%$ +*d!$". !%da $,&%+ a"+ "n" d"a!!an %n'#"an *%- d%a+t%,%n

[email protected] $%%+t" ada H. !%na,a!an >"$"! (!%#%+n"-an dan !%&%+$"-an a"+). #" !%$ada-an. dan #" !*+"n/ Ba-an &a! t%+$%&t t"da! t%+%a$ da+" *t%n$" &a-aa dan ;%,a+an an' ,n'!"n t%+daat d" daa,na/

/.2 Ba*a! Ta&a*a!

Ba-an9&a-an ta,&a-an an' d"'na!an daa, +*$%$ +*d!$" acidified  #ilk drink "n" adaa- 'a a$"+. %n$ta&". %n'at+ !%a$a,an. %+"$a "d%nt"! aa," dan  puree stra!"erry/ S%,a &a-an ta,&a-an "n" d"%+*%- da+"  supplier   an' an' &%!%+#a $a,a d%n'an PT ISAM/ Ba-an ta,&a-an -a+$ ,%,""!" !a"ta$ an' &a"! a'a+ +*d! an' d"-a$"!an ,%,""!" !a"ta$ an' &a"! a/ Ga an' d"'na!an *%- PT ISAM daa, +*$%$ +*d!$" acidified #ilk  drink  "n" adaa- 'a !+"$ta +a>"na$" d%n'an !a"ta$ t%+&a"! !-$$ nt! "nd$t+"/ Ga "n" d"-a$"!an da+" +*$%$ +a>"na$"/ Ra>"na$" adaa- -a$" *a-an %&"- an#t da+" 'a !+"$ta ,%nta- ata ra! sugar  ,%a" +*$%$ d%>"!a$" an' t"da! daat an'$n' d"!*n$,$" *%- ,an$"a $%&%, d"+*$%$ %&"- an#t (7"na+n*. 1)/ Ga !+"$ta t"- an' d"'na!an daa, +*$%$ +*d!$" Aa, M+n"  Fruity -a+$ ,%,%n-" SNI 01914092001/ n'$" ta,a %na,&a-an 'a daa, +*$%$ %,&atan +*d! "n" adaa$%&a'a" &a-an %,an"$. t%ta" $%a"n "t 'a #'a &"$a d"#ad"!an $%&a'a" &a-an  %n'a=%t ada &a-an an'an/ M%n+t B;!% et al& (135). %,&%+"an 'a an'  &%+!ada+ t"n''". &%+$a,aan d%n'an !ada+ a$a, an' t"n''" (H +%nda-).  %+a!an d%n'an a$t%+"$a$" $%;a+a %,ana$an. %n",anan ada $- +%nda-. d%-"d+a$".

dan

&a-an9&a-an

%n'a=%t

 %n'a=%tan &a-an an'an an' %nt"n'/

!","a.

,%+a!an

t%!n"!9t%!n"! 

Ga da+"  supplier  "n" d"!%,a$ d%n'an ,%n''na!an a$t"! $%&a'a" !%,a$an +",%+ dan !a+n' a$t"! $%&a'a" !%,a$an $%!nd%+/ S%t"a a$t"!  ,%,""!" &%+at $%&%$a+ *$>at $%&a'a" %n'at+ !%a$a,an %n''naanna a"t 1009*+,a$" an' &%+t#an nt! ,%na+"! $%+ta ,%,da-!an !*n$,%n daa, ,%n'%na" dan ,%,an>aat!an +*d!/ In>*+,a$" an' t%+;ant, anta+a a"n na,a +*d!.  +*d$%n. tan''a !adaa+$a. &a-an %n$n +*d!. dan !*d% +*d!$"/

/.4 PROSES PRODUKSI ACIDIFIED MILK DRINK 

P+*d!

$$

a$a,

an'

d"&at

tana

,%n''na!an

&antan

,"!+**+'an"$,% %&"- ,da- daa, +*$%$ %,&atanna. $%%+t" ada  %,&atan +*d! $$ a$a, Aa, M+n"  Fruity  d" PT ISAM an' d"a!!an tana +*$%$ >%+,%nta$"/ B%+"!t "n" ,%+a!an d"a'+a, a"+ +*$%$ +*d!$" Aa, M+n" Fruity/

Susu Segar

Pasteurisasi -

Storing at Silo ank

Ba-an Ta,&a-an

arutan Asam

Mi:ing -

Mi:ing --

;omogenisasi

Sterilisasi 8;

8ltra 3lean ank

"illing

Pa$t%+"$a$" II

Produk Minuman Susu Asam

Ga&a" 5. Da"a& A'" P"#$%$ P"#+,$ S+$+ A$a& S,&%+: D*!,%nta$" +"&ad" (201n'$" $%&a'a" %n'ad! dan ,%,&ant ,%n;a,+!an $%,a &a-an/ S- %n;a,+an adaa- 4n'$" $%&a'a" ,%$"n nt! a$t%+"$a$" a+tan $$. d%n'an +"n$" !%+#a &%+da$a+!an  ada %+t!a+an ana$ $%;a+a !*nd!$" dan !*n%!$" anta+a +*d! d%n'an a"+   ana$ ata  stea#/  Plate 0eat -1changer   (PHE) an' d" PT ISAM t%+daat da n"t d%n'an !aa$"ta$ $%&%$a+ 4at ta-an ana$. ,a!a da+" "t +*$%$ $t%+""$a$" %+ d"a!!an d%n'an $- an' ;! t"n''" a"t d" ata$ 121 *@ d%n'an =a!t an' $"n'!at $%-"n''a daat ,%,at"!an $*+a &a!t%+"/ P%n''naan =a!t an' $"n'!at d%n'an $- an' t"n''" "n" nt! ,%n;%'a- t%+#ad"na  %+&a-an !a"ta$ ada +*d! an' t"da! d""n'"n!an. !a+%na ada ,,na  +*$%$ %,ana$an daat ,%n%&a&!an %+&a-an >"$"! atan !","a ada  +*d!/ M%n'"n'at %+a,&atan ana$ ,%a" &a-an !%,a$an dan &a-an an'an ,%,a!an =a!t ,a!a daa, +a!t"!na %,ana$an daa, at*!a> ,%,a!an =a!t %&"- a,a da+" 1< ,%n"t/ P+*$%$ $t%+""$a$" ada +*d! Aa, M+n"  Fruity  "n" d"a!!an d%n'an ,%n''na!an ,%t*d% Ultra 0igh Te#perature (UHT) a"t ada $- 1< *@  2 $%a,a 2< d%t"!/ M%$"n an' d"'na!an nt! +*$%$ $t%+""$a$" $$ Aa, M+n"  Fruity adaa- UHT Nan-a/ P+*$%$ $t%+""$a$" ada +*d! $$ a$a, ( Line  Acidified Bottle) d"a!!an $%;a+a &%+ta-a $%t%a- ,%a" +*$%$ #i1ing / P+*$%$na t%+d"+" ata$  pre2heating . #ain heating  ($t%+""$a$"). dan cooling /  Pre2 heating  a!an ,%na"!an $- +*d! -"n''a 50 *@ $%a,a 20 d%t"!/ M%d",  %,ana$ an' d"'na!an adaa-  stea#. $%-"n''a t%+#ad" %+t!a+an ana$ anta+a  +*d! d%n'an at an' t%a- d"ana$!an *%- stea#& K%,d"an ada ta-a #ain heating . $t%+""$a$" &%+an'$n' daa, Tu"ular 0eat -1changer (THE) ada $-

1"$"! &a-an an'an/ Ka+a!t%+"$t"! >"$"! &a-an an'an  %+ d"!%ta-" dan d"%a#a+" !a+%na %+ananna an' %nt"n' daa, %n%ntan !a"ta$ &a-an &a! dan +*d! #ad". %n'*a-an. d"$t+"&$" dan %n%+",aan *%!*n$,%n (N+-ad" dan N+-a$ana-. 2010)/ Ana"$"$ $">at >"$"! +*d! Aa, M+n"  Fruity $%t%a- +*$%$ t%+,a d"a!!an nt! ,%n'%ta-" !a"ta$ a!-"+   +*d! $%;a+a >"$"!/ Ana"$"$ d"a!!an t%+-ada 3 $a,% +*d! d%n'an n*,*+  "atch dan tan''a +*d!$" an' &%+&%da/ S">at >"$"! +*d! an' d"a,at" ,%"t" $-. H. $%d",%nta$". d%n$"ta$ dan $">at *+'an*%t"!/ P%n'#"an $- d"a!!an d%n'an ,%n''na!an t%+,*,%t%+. H d%n'an ,%n''na!an H ,%t%+. $%d",%nta$" ,%n''na!an centrifuge dan d%n$"ta$ ,%n''na!an picno#eter / S">at *+'an*%t"! d"a,at" $%;a+a an'$n' ,%"t" +a$a. =a+na dan a+*,a/ Ha$" ana"$"$ $">at *+'an*%t"! dan $">at >"$"! +*d! Aa, M+n" Fruity $%t%a- +*$%$ t%+,a daat d""-at ada Ta&% 2 dan Ta&% / Ta%' 2. Sa- O"a!#'%-, P"#+, A'a& M+"! Fruity S%-%'a* P"#$%$ T%"&a'

N#. 1 2  4 < 6 5 3

 Expir Dat 2612201< 2512201< 2312201< 012201< 112201< 2612201< 2512201< 112201<

!atch A01A21:"!an ada $">at *+'an*%t"!. $-. H. $%d",%nta$" dan

d%n$"ta$/ Ha t%+$%&t ,%nn#!!an &a-=a $%+- +*$%$ +*d!$". t%+,a$!   +*$%$ t%+,a t%a- $%+a'a, nt! $%t"a "atch& B%+da$a+!an -a$" ana"$"$ an' t%a- d"a!$ana!an. d"daat &a-=a $">at >"$"! +*d! $da- $ta&"/ T"da! ada %+&%daan an' $"'n">"!an da+" $%t"a "atch $a,% +*d!. $%-"n''a daat d"$",!an &a-=a $%+- +*$%$ +*d!$" ada $%t"a "atch. t%+,a$! d" daa,na +*$%$ #i1ing, -*,*'%n"$a$" dan +*$%$ t%+,a. t%a- $%+a'a, dan t"da! ,%n%&a&!an %+&%daan ada =a+na. +a$a. a+*,a.  H. $%d",%nta$" dan d%n$"ta$ da+" $a,% +*d! an' d"ana"$"$/

IV.5

E?a'+a$ K%@+,+a! P"#$%$ T%"&a' P"#+, A'a& M+"! Fruity

Eaa$" !%;!an +*$%$ t%+,a ada $at +*d! ,%+a!an -a an'  %nt"n' nt! ,%n%nt!an aa!a- $at d"$a"n +*$%$ t%+,a $da- ;! nt!  ,%,a$t"!an "na!t"a$" &a!t%+" ata $*+a an' t"da! d""n'"n!an/ Eaa$" daat d"t%nt!an &%+da$a+!an -a$" %+-"tn'an n"a" $t%+""ta$ ( *) da+" +*$%$ t%+,a an' d"a!!an/ Aa&"a n"a"  *  +*$%$ an' d"%+*%- da+" -a$" %n'!+an  %n%t+a$" ana$ %&"- &%$a+ da+" n"a" * $tanda+. ,a!a +*$%$ t%+,a an' d"a!!an t%a- ,%n;!"/ S%dan'!an aa&"a n"a"  *  +*$%$ !+an' da+"  * $tanda+. ,a!a +*$%$ t%+,a t"da! t%+;aa" (under process)/ Ta-aan +*$%$ nt! ,%n%nt!an n"a"  * da+" -a$" %n'!+an %n%t+a$"  ana$ t%+d"+" ata$ ,%n'-"tn' * $tanda+. ,%n'-"tn' n"a" letal  rate  (LR). ,%n'-"tn' n"a"  *  +*$%$. dan ,%na+"! !%$",an !%;!an +*$%$ ana$ d%n'an ,%,&and"n'!an n"a"  * +*$%$ d%n'an n"a" * $tanda+/ B%+"!t "n" ,%+a!an !*nd"$" $tanda+ an' d"'na!an daa, +*$%$ $t%+""$a$" dan +*$%$  a$t%+"$a$" d" PT ISAM:

Ta%' 4. K#!$ S-a!a" P"#$%$ S-%"'$a$ a! Pa$-%+"$a$ P"#$%$ F# M,"##"a!$&% T"%  D  S,'+$ T%"&a' $-a!a" Ta"%0.2< St%+""$a$" 2, ,"!+*&a a=a. ,a!a $%t%a- ,%%=at" +*$%$ 12D t%+$%&t. ,a!a %an' ,"!+*&a an' t%+$"$a adaa- 10 9 ;>,/ 12D #'a daat d"a+t"!an &a-=a da+" $%&ana! 10 12  +*d!. -ana 1 +*d! an' &%+%an' ,%n'andn' $*+a (& "otulinu#/ DA ,%n%ta!an &a-=a nt! ,%n;aa" t"n'!at $t%+""$a$" !*,%+$"a an' t%+#a,"n. #,a- &a!t%+" daa, +*d! an'an $%t%a- $t%+""$a$" -a+$ ,%n;aa" 109 ;>, (a+t"na. %an' !%&$!an adaa- 1 %+ 1 ,"a+ !a%n')/ D%n'an d%,"!"an. !*n$% 12D daat d"t%+a!an daa, +*$%$ $t%+""$a$" aa&"a #,aa=a ,"!+*&a t"da! ,%%&"-" 10  ;>, (K$nanda+ et al&. 2006)/ K*n$%
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