Biología. ADN, Maqueta.

June 5, 2019 | Author: Mafer Castrejón | Category: Dna, Rna, Genetics, Dna Replication, Genetic Code
Share Embed Donate


Short Description

ADN. biología...

Description

ADN Ácido Desoxirribo Desoxirribonucleico nucleico

Marzo.06.2017

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

 INTRODUCCIÓN  A lo largo de la historia el hombre siempre ha tratado de buscar la razn de por !u" las cosas son de esa manera # buscar resol$er los enigmas !ue lo rodean% &a estructura interna del ser humano # !u" la compone' no se ha sal$ado de esta curiosidad% Uno de los enigmas !ue se ten(a durante el siglo ))' *ue de cmo se traspasaba el material gen"tico de generacin en generacin' !u" lo hac(a # como lo hac(a% Al principio se cre(a !ue las prote(nas eran las !ue transportaban este material+ pero luego' gracias Castre5n 6abriell ,ar(a 7ernanda estudios #

a

$arios

experimentos

de cient(*icos' De &en 6ra5ales Cristina Anabel

como ,aurice

-il.ins'

principalmente

-atson

8u(micos 9ilogos: ;< 9= #

/considerados

Cric.

9IO&O6>A II: ?O&4DAD A6UI&AR RA9A?A

 ADN0' con su experimento de los ra#os )' lograron descubrir  la estructura interna del ADN /la doble h"lice0 # !ue el patr patrim imon onio io gen" gen"titico co del del ser  ser  humano se basa en 12 pares de cromosomas%  Adem3s se comprob con esto' !ue las estructuras !ue tran ranspor portaban gen"tico

eran

el los

materia rial 3cidos

nucl nuclei eico coss /uni /unida dade dess b3sic b3sicas as

padres

del

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

[email protected]O 4n el siguiente traba5o # ma!ueta !ue se realiz' se intent representar al ADN # as(' tener una $isin m3s amplia de la estructura de este% De cmo est3n ubicadas las bases nitrogenadas /adenina' timina' citosina # guanina0' brindar in*ormacin acerca de la estructura # *uncionamiento del ADN # elaborar la estructura del ADN en la !ue se identi*i!uen las estructuras de este% 4l pro#ecto busca lograr conocimiento acerca del ADN apo#3ndose en el uso de material did3ctico !ue e5empli*i!ue la estructura # *uncionamiento del mismo%

 ADN: ÁCIDO D4?O)IRRI9ONUC D4?O)IRRI9ONUC&4ICO &4ICO 4l 3cido desoxirribonu desoxirribonucleico cleico'' abre$iado abre$iado como ADN' ADN' es un 3cido nucleico nucleico !ue contiene contiene las instrucciones gen"ticas usadas en el desarrollo # *uncionamiento de todos los organis organismos mos $i$os $i$os # algunos algunos $irus% $irus% Respons Responsable able de su transm transmisi isin n heredit hereditari aria' a' su *unc *unci in n prin princi cipa pall cont contie iene ne las las inst instru rucc ccio ione ness nece necesa sari rias as para para cons constr trui uirr otro otross comp compon onent entes es de las las c"lul c"lulas as'' como como las las prot prote( e(na nass # las las mol" mol"cu cula lass de ARN% RN% &os &os segmentos de ADN !ue lle$an esta in*ormacin gen"tica son llamados genes% Desde el punto de $ista !u(mico' el ADN es un pol(mero de nucletidos' es decir' un polinucletido% Un pol(mero es un compuesto *ormado por muchas unidades simples conectadas entre s(' cada nucletido' # cada nucletido' a su $ez' est3 *ormado por un azBcar /la desoxirribosa0' una base nitrogenada /!ue puede ser adenina A' timina T' citosina C o guanina 60 # un grupo *os*ato !ue actBa como enganche de cada

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

cadena de nucletidos' en la !ue las dos hebras est3n unidas entre s( por unas conexiones denominadas puentes de hidrgeno% ara !ue la in*ormacin !ue contiene el ADN pueda ser utilizada por la c"lula' debe copiarse en primer lugar en unas cadenas de nucletidos' m3s cortas # con unas unidades di*erentes' llamados ARN% &as mol"culas de ARN se copian exactamente del  ADN mediante un proceso denominado transcripcin% transc ripcin% Una $ez procesadas en el nBcleo celular' celular' las mol"culas de ARN pueden salir al citoplasma para su utilizaci utilizacin n posterior% posterior% &a in*ormacin contenida en el ARN se interpreta usando el cdigo gen"tico' !ue espe especci*ic i*ica a la secu secuen enci cia a de los los amin amino3 o3ci cido doss de las prot prote( e(na nas' s' segB segBn n una una correspondenci correspondencia a de un triplete de nucletidos nucletidos /codn0 para cada amino3cido% amino3cido% 4sto es' la in*ormacin gen"tica /!u" prote(nas se $an a producir en cada momento del ciclo de $ida de una c"lula0 se halla codi*icada en las secuencias de nucletidos del ADN # debe debe traduc traducirse irse para para poder poder *uncio *uncionar nar%% Tal traducc traduccin in se realiz realiza a usando usando el cdigo cdigo gen"tico !ue permite el ensamblado de largas cadenas de amino3cidos /las prote(nas0 en el citoplasma de la c"lula% &as secuencias de ADN !ue constitu#en la unidad *undamental' *(sica # *uncional de la herencia se denominan genes% Cada gen contiene una parte !ue se transcribe a ARN # otra !ue se encarga de de*inir cu3ndo # dnde deben expresarse% &a in*ormacin contenida en los genes /gen"tica0 se emplea para generar ARN # prote(nas' !ue son los los comp compone onent ntes es b3si b3sicos cos de las c"lu c"lula las' s' mu# impor importa tant ntes es en la const construc rucci cin n de org3nulos u organelos celulares' entre otras *unciones% Dentro de las c"lulas' el ADN est3 organizado en estructuras llamadas cromosomas !ue' !ue' duran durante te el cicl ciclo o celu celula lar' r' se dupl duplic ican an ante antess de !ue !ue la c"lul c"lula a se di$i di$ida da%% &os &os organismos eucariontes /como animales' plantas # hongos0 almacenan la ma#or parte de su ADN dent dentro ro del del nBcle nBcleo o celu celula lar' r' una una m(ni m(nima ma part parte e en elem elemen ento toss celul celular ares es llamados mitocondrias+ en los plastos # los centros organizadores de microtBbulos o cent centr( r(ol olos os'' en caso caso de tene tenerl rlos% os% &os &os orga organi nism smos os proc procari ariont ontes es /como /como bact bacteri erias as #

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

dot3ndolo de una estructura tridimensional determinada # regulando su expresin% &os *actores de transcripcin reconocen secuencias reguladoras del ADN # especi*ican la pauta de transcripcin de los genes% 4l material gen"tico completo de un con5unto cromosmico cromosmico se denomina denomina genoma #' con pe!ueFas pe!ueFas $ariaciones' $ariaciones' es caracter(sti caracter(stico co de cada especie%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

GI?TORIA 4l ADN lo aisl por primera $ez en =H;' el m"dico suizo 7riedrich 7riedr ich ,iesc ,iescher  her   mientras traba5aba en la Uni$ersidad de Tubi Tubing nga% a% ,iesc ,iescher her reali realiza zaba ba exper experim imen ento toss acer acerca ca de la comp compos osic ici in n !u( !u(mica mica del del pus de $end $endas as !uir !uirBr Brgi gica cass desechadas cuando not un precipitado de una sustancia desconocida !ue caracteriz !u(micamente m3s tarde% &o llam nucle(na' debido a !ue lo hab(a extra(do a partir de nBcleos celu elulares res% ?e necesi esitaron ron cas casi JK aFos Fos de in$estigacin para poder identi*icar los componentes # la estr estruc ucttura ura de los 3cid 3cidos os nucleicos% 4n == ho hoebus ebus &e$ &e$ene ene identi*ic !ue un nucletido est3 *ormado por una base nitrogenada' un azBcar # un *os*ato% &e$ene sugiri !ue el ADN generaba generaba una estructura con *orma de solenoide /muelle0 con unidades de nucletidos unidos a tra$"s de los grupos *os*ato%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4n =2K &e$ene # su maestro Albrecht maestro  Albrecht Lossel probaron Lossel  probaron !ue la nucle( nucle(na na de ,iesch ,iescher er es un 3cido 3cido desoxir desoxirrib ribonu onucle cleico ico /ADN0 *ormado por cuatro bases nitrogenadas /citosina /C0' timina /T0' adenina /A0 # guanina /60' el azBcar desoxirribosa # un grupo rupo *os* os*ato' ato' # !ue' !ue' en su est estruct ructur ura a b3s b3sica' ica' el nucletido est3 compuesto por un azBcar unido a la base # al *os*ato% ?in embargo' &e$ene pensaba !ue la cadena era corta # !ue las las base basess se repe repet( t(an an en un orde orden n *i5o *i5o%% 4n =2J =2J -illiam  Astbur# produ5o  Astbur#  produ5o el primer patrn de di*raccin de ra#os ) !ue mostraba !ue el ADN ten(a una estructura regular% &a *uncin biolgica del ADN comenz a aclararse en =1H' con con una una seri serie e b3si b3sica ca de expe experi rime ment ntos os de la gen" gen"titica ca mode modern rna a real realiz izad ados os por por 7rederi 7rederic. c. 6ri* 6ri**ith *ith'' !uie !uien n esta estaba ba trab traba5 a5an ando do con con cepa cepass Mlis Mlisas as  /?0 o Mrug Mrugosa osas s /R0 /R0 de la bacteria neumococcus /causante de la neumon(a0' segBn la presencia /?0 o no /R0 de una c3psula azucarada' !ue es la !ue con*iere $irulencia /capacidad /capacidad de un microorganis microorganismo mo de producir en*ermedad0% &a in#eccin de neumococos ? $i$os en ratones produce produce la muerte de "stos' # 6ri**ith 6ri**ith obser$ !ue' si in#ectaba ratones con neumococos R $i$os o con neumococos ?

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

Como las bacterias muertas no pudieron haberse multiplicado dentro del ratn' 6ri**ith razon razon  !ue !ue deb( deb(a a produ produci cirs rse e algB algBn n tipo tipo de camb cambio io o tran trans* s*orm ormaci acin n de un tipo tipo bacteriano a otro por medio de una trans*erencia de alguna sustancia acti$a' !ue denomin principio trans*ormante% 4sta sustancia proporcionaba la capacidad a los neumococos

R de

produ produci cirr una una c3psula azuca azucara rada da #

Cepa:

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4n los siguie siguiente ntess = aFos' aFos' estos estos experi experimen mentos tos inicia iniciales les se replic replicaro aron n mezcla mezclando ndo distintos tipos de cepas bacterianas muertas por el calor con otras $i$as' tanto en ratones /in $i$o0 como en tubos de ensa#o /in $itro0%

In $i$o:

In $itro:

4xamen serolgico:

8ue 8ue ocur ocurre re o tien tiene e luga lugar  r  dentro de un organismoS% In $i$o' se re*iere a la expe experi rime ment ntac aciin hech hecha a dentro o en el te5ido te5ido $i$o de un organismo $i$o

/Del lat(n: dentro del $idrio0 ?e re*ier re*iere e a una una t"cni t"cnica ca para realizar un determinado determinado experimento experimento en un tubo de ensa#o' o generalmente en un ambiente controlado *uera de un organismo $i$o%

Tiene ene como como *in *in el conoc onocer er la exposicin o presencia pre$ia de un microo microorgan rganism ismo o patgen patgeno o en part partic icul ular ar'' # a part partir ir de ella ella la capaci acidad de res respuesta del indi$iduo a tal in*eccin% ara ello se debe ebe toma omar una mues muestr tra a de sang sangre re%% ?e pued puede e usar la sangre total o tomar solo el suero' el cual se obtiene luego de centri*ugar la sangre pre$ pre$ia iame ment nte e coag coagul ulad ada' a' para para eliminar las c"lulas sangu(neas de la reaccin% 4ste examen se realiza tambi"n para para descart descartar ar sospech sospechas as sobre sobre alguna in*eccin' si se encuentran razo razone ness para para pron pronos ostitica carr una una en*ermedad existente' el examen se puede repetir a las dos semanas de la primera toma de muestra sangu(nea% &a sero serolo log( g(a a perm permitite e dete detect ctar  ar 

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4stos in$estigadores extra5eron la *raccin acti$a /el *actor trans*ormante0 #' mediante an3lisis !u(micos' enzim3ticos # serolgicos' obser$aron !ue no conten(a prote(nas' ni l(pidos no ligados' ni polisac3ridos acti$os' sino !ue estaba constituido principalmente por Suna *orma $iscosa de 3cido desoxirribonucleico altamente polimerizadoS' es decir'  ADN% 4l ADN extra(do de las cepas bacterianas ? muertas por el calor' lo mezclaron Sin $itroS con cepas R $i$as+ el resultado *ue !ue se *ormaron colonias bacterianas ?' por lo !ue se conclu# clu#  !ue el *acto ctor o principio trans*ormante era el ADN%  A pesar de !ue la identi*icacin del ADN como como prin princi cipi pio o tran trans* s*or orma mant nte e aBn aBn tard tard  $arios aFos en ser uni$ersalmente aceptada% 4ste 4ste desc descub ubri rimi mien ento to *ue *ue deci decisi si$o $o en el conoc conocim imie ient nto o de la base base mole molecu cula larr de la herencia' # constitu#e el nacimiento de la gen"tica molecular% m olecular% 7inalmente' el papel exclusi$o del ADN en la heredabilidad *ue con*irmado en =1 medi median ante te los los expe experi rime ment ntos os de  Al*red Gershe# # ,artha Chase Chase'' en los cua cuales comprobaron !ue el *ago T1 transmit(a su in*ormacin gen"tica en su ADN' pero no en su prote(na%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4n cuanto a la caracterizacin !u(mica de la mol"cula' 4rQin Charga** realiz en =PK algunos experimentos !ue le sir$ieron para establecer las proporciones de las bases nitrogenadas en el ADN% Descubri !ue las proporciones de purinas eran id"nticas a las de pirimidinas' pirimidinas' la Me!uimolecu Me!uimolecularida laridad d de las bases /AVT' /AVT' 6VC0' 6VC0' el hecho de !ue la cantidad de 6WC en una determinada mol"cula de ADN no siempre es igual a la cantidad de AWT # puede $ariar desde el 2; hasta el JK por ciento del contenido total% Con toda oda est esta in* in*orma ormaccin in # 5unt 5unto o con con los dat datos de di* di*racc racci in n de ra# ra#os ) proporcionados por Rosalind 7ran.lin' @ames -atson # 7rancis Cric. propusieron en =2 el modelo de la doble h"lice de ADN para representar la estructura tridimensional

Di*racci Di*rac cin n de ra# ra#os os ) del ADN

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

-atson' Cric. # -il.ins recibieron con5untamente' en =;1' despu"s de la muerte de Rosalind 7ran.lin' el remio Nobel en 7isiolog(a o ,edicina% ?in embargo' el debate continBa sobre !ui"n deber(a recibir cr"dito por el descubrimiento%

ROI4DAD4? 4l ADN es un largo pol(mero *ormado por unidades repetiti$as' los nucletidos%  Aun!ue cada unidad indi$idual !ue se repite es mu# pe!ueFa' los pol(meros de ADN pueden ser mol"culas enormes !ue contienen millones de nucletidos% or e5emplo' el cromosoma humano m3s largo' el cromosoma nBmero =' tiene aproximadamente 11K millones de pares de bases% 4n

los

organismos

$i$os' el ADN

no

existir

una

l" l

como

i di id

suele l

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4l modelo de estructura en doble h"lice *ue propuesto en =2 por @ames -atson # 7rancis' despu"s de obtener una imagen de la estructura de doble h"lice gracias a la re*raccin por ra#os ) hecha por Rosalind 7ran.lin% 4l "xito de este modelo radicaba en su consistencia con las propiedades *(sicas # !u( !u(mica micass del del ADN% DN% 4l est estudio udio most mostra raba ba'' adem3s' !ue la complementariedad de bases pod(a ser rele$ante en su replicacin' # tambi"n la importancia de la secuencia de bases como portadora de in*ormacin gen"tica%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4structura de soporte: &a soporte: &a estructura de soporte de una hebra de ADN est3 *ormada por  unidades alternas de grupos *os*ato # azBcar /desoxirribosa0% 4l azBcar en el ADN es una pentosa' concretamente' la desoxirribosa%  Ácido *os*rico:?u *os*rico:?u *rmula !u(mica es G2OP% Cada nucletido puede contener uno /mono*os*ato: A,0' dos /di*os*ato: AD0 o tres /tri*os*ato: AT0 grupos de 3cido *os*rico' aun!ue como monmeros constitu#entes de los 3cidos nucleicos solo aparecen en *orma de nuclesidos mono*os*ato /A,0% Desoxirribosa:4s Desoxirribosa: 4s un monosac3rido de  3tomos de carbono /una pentosa0 deri$ado de la ribosa' !ue *orma parte de la estructura de nucletidos del ADN% ?u *rmula es CG=KOP% Una de las principales di*erencias entre el ADN # el ARN es el azBcar' pues en el ARN la 1Xdesoxirribosa del ADN es reemplazada por una pentosa alternati$a' la ribosa%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

9ases nitrogenadas: &as cuatro bases nitrogenadas ma#oritarias !ue se encuentran en el ADN son la adenina /A0' la citosina /C0' la guanina /60 # la timina /T0% Cada una de estas cuatro bases est3 unida al armazn de azBcarX*os*ato a tra$"s del azBcar para *ormar el nucletido completo /baseXazBcarX*os*ato0% &as bases' se clasi*ican en dos grupos: las bases bases pBric pBricas as o puri purina nass /adeni /adenina na # guan guanin ina0 a0 # las las bases bases piri pirimi mid( d(ni nica cass o bases bases pirim(dicas o pirimidinas /citosina # timina0% 4n los 3cidos nucleicos existe una !uinta base pirimid(nica' denominada uracilo /U0' !ue normalmente ocupa el lugar de la timina en el ARN%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

Citosina: 4n el cdigo gen"tico gen"tico se representa con la letra C% &a citosina siempre se empare5a en el ADN con la guanina de la cadena complementaria mediante un triple enlace' CZ6% ?u *rmula !u(mica es CPGN2O% &a citosina se descubri en =HP' al aislarla del te5ido del timo de carnero%

7UNCION4? 9IO&Ó6ICA?

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

Replicación del ADN

&a replicacin del ADN es el proceso por el cual se obtienen copias o r"plicas id"nticas de una mol"cula de ADN% &a replicacin es *undamental para la trans*erencia de la in*ormacin gen"tica de una generacin a la siguiente #' por ende' es la base de la herencia% 4l mecanismo consiste esencialmente en la separacin de las dos hebras de la doble h"lice' las cuales sir$en de molde para la posterior s(ntesis de cadenas complementarias a cada una de ellas' !ue lle$ar3 por nombre ARNm% 4l resultado *inal son son dos dos mol" mol"cu cula lass id"nt id"ntic icas as a la origi origina nal%l% 4ste 4ste tipo tipo de repli replica caci cin n se denom denomin ina a semiconser$ati$a debido a !ue cada una de las dos mol"culas resultantes de la duplicacin presenta una cadena procedente de la mol"cula SmadreS # otra reci"n

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

Transcripción y traducción

4n un gen' la secuencia de nucletidos a lo largo de una hebra de ADN se transcribe a un ARN mensa5ero /ARNm0 # esta secuencia a su $ez se traduce a una prote(na !ue un organismo es capaz de sintetizar o SexpresarS en uno o $arios momentos de su $ida' usando la in*ormacin de dicha secuencia%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

mol" mol"ccula ula de ARN de trans rans*e *ere renc ncia ia /ARN /ARNtt o tRNA0 RNA0 !ue cont conten enga ga el trip triple lette complementario' denominado anticodn%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

Enzimas que modifican el ADN

Nucleasas # ligasas &as nucleasas' son enzimas !ue catalizan la ruptura de los enlaces *os*odi"ster' como

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

gen"tica%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

necesarias para muchos procesos en los !ue inter$iene el ADN' como la replicacin del  ADN # la transcripcin% &as helicasas son unas prote(nas !ue pertenecen al grupo de los motores moleculares%

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

4n la replicacin del ADN' una ADN polimerasa dependiente de ADN realiza una copia de ADN a partir de una secuencia de ADN% &a precisin es $ital en este proceso' por lo !ue muchas de estas polimerasas tienen una acti$idad de $eri*icacin de la lectura

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

The world’s largest digital library

Try Scribd FREE for 30 days to access over 125 million titles without ads or interruptions! Start Free Trial Cancel Anytime.

View more...

Comments

Copyright ©2017 itdaklak.info Inc.
SUPPORT itdaklak.info